Die Major League Soccer, kurz MLS, ist die höchste Spielklasse im US-amerikanischen und kanadischen. Major League Soccer Playoffs: Aktuelle Meldungen, Termine und Ergebnisse, Tabelle, Mannschaften, Torjäger. Die Liga auf einen Blick. Die Major League Soccer, kurz MLS, ist die höchste Spielklasse im US-amerikanischen und kanadischen Fußball. Die MLS ist eine eigenständige Organisation, wird aber von der United States Soccer Federation anerkannt.
Major League Soccer (MLS)Die MLS (Major League Soccer) wurde erstmals ausgetragen und ist die höchste Fußball-Liga in den USA. Für alle anderen US-Ligen und den US Open. Zusammenfassung - Major League Soccer - USA - Ergebnisse, Spielpläne, Tabellen und News - Soccerway. MLS Cup - Conference Quarter-finals. Die Major League Soccer, kurz MLS, ist die höchste Spielklasse im US-amerikanischen und kanadischen.
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The season is the first season in league history in which teams will not play against every other team in the league.
Teams break for the annual All-Star Game midway through the season, an exhibition game containing the league's best players. Unlike most major soccer leagues around the world, but similar to other leagues in the Americas,  the MLS regular season is followed by a postseason knockout tournament to determine the league champion.
Major League Soccer's spring-to-fall schedule results in scheduling conflicts with the FIFA calendar and with summertime international tournaments such as the World Cup and the Gold Cup ,  causing some players to miss league matches.
If the league were to change its schedule, a winter break would be necessary to accommodate teams located in harsh winter climates. MLS teams also play in other international and domestic competitions.
Every year, four to five MLS teams — four from the U. Two U. The third U. A fourth U. Open Cup. The edition of the tournament was originally planned to pair eight MLS clubs against eight Liga MX clubs in a single-elimination tournament hosted in the United States, reviving an inter-league rivalry that previously took place in the now-defunct North American Superliga , before its cancelation.
Each team is allowed up to 30 players on its first team roster. MLS has regularly expanded since the season.
Louis City SC in The league features numerous rivalry cups that are contested by two or more teams, usually geographic rivals.
The concept is comparable to rivalry trophies played for by American college football teams. League member Former member Future member Other leagues.
Major League Soccer is the most recent of a series of men's premier professional national soccer leagues established in the United States and Canada.
Soccer promised to establish a Division 1 professional soccer league. United won the MLS Cup in three of the league's first four seasons.
After its first season, MLS suffered from a decline in attendance. The league implemented the use of shootouts to resolve tie games.
MLS also used a countdown clock and halves ended when the clock reached The league realized that the rule changes had alienated some traditional soccer fans while failing to draw new American sports fans, and the shootout and countdown clock were eliminated after the season.
Despite the financial problems, though, MLS did have some accomplishments that would set the stage for the league's resurgence.
Major League Soccer , that the players had filed in The court ruled that MLS's policy of centrally contracting players and limiting player salaries through a salary cap and other restrictions were a legal method for the league to maintain solvency and competitive parity.
MLS underwent a transition in the years leading up to the World Cup. After marketing itself on the talents of American players, the league lost some of its homegrown stars to prominent European leagues.
The league's financial stabilization plan included teams moving out of large American football stadiums and into soccer-specific stadiums. It was also in this era that MLS expanded for the first time since The Dynamo became an expansion team, leaving their history behind for a new San Jose ownership group that formed in Beckham's signing had been seen as a coup for American soccer, and was made possible by the Designated Player Rule.
With an average attendance of over 20, per game, MLS has the third highest average attendance of any sports league in the U.
In , the league implemented its "Core Players" initiative, allowing teams to retain key players using retention funds instead of losing the players to foreign leagues.
In , the league announced Atlanta United FC as the 22nd team to start playing in Germany match the U. In addition to the new crest logo, MLS teams display versions in their own colors on their jerseys.
In April , the league's commissioner Don Garber reiterated the intention of the league to expand to 28 teams, with the next round of expansion "likely happening in ".
Although the league stated that it rejected the offer due to the exclusive periods that the current rightsholders have to negotiate extensions to their contracts, it was pointed out by the media that Major League Soccer had long-opposed the adoption of promotion and relegation, continuing to utilize the fixed, franchise-based model used in other U.
MLS announced on December 20, , that it would be awarding an expansion franchise to Nashville, who would play in a yet-to-be-built 27,seat soccer-specific stadium, Nashville Fairgrounds Stadium , and would join MLS in Inter Miami CF will start play in the season and open a proposed 25,seat stadium soon after.
The team, which assumed the existing FC Cincinnati name, started MLS play in and will move to a new stadium in with a minimum capacity of 26, seats.
The league plans to expand to 30 teams with the addition of Austin FC in ,  Charlotte in ,  and Sacramento and St. Louis in As of the season, 29 different clubs have competed in the league, with 13 having won at least one MLS Cup , and 14 winning at least one Supporters' Shield.
Major League Soccer operates under a single-entity structure in which teams and player contracts are centrally owned by the league.
In Fraser v. Major League Soccer , a lawsuit filed in and decided in , the league won a legal battle with its players in which the court ruled that MLS was a single entity that can lawfully centrally contract for player services.
Having multiple clubs operated by a single investor was a necessity in the league's first ten years. In order to attract additional investors, in the league announced changes to the operating agreement between the league and its teams to improve team revenues and increase the incentives to be an individual club operator.
As MLS appeared to be on the brink of overall profitability in and developed significant expansion plans, MLS announced that it wanted each club to have a distinct operator.
The league now has 30 investor-operators for its 26 current and 4 future clubs. Don Garber has been the commissioner of Major League Soccer since , serving as the league's chief executive.
The league's first commissioner was Doug Logan , who served in the role from to MLS salaries are limited by a salary cap , which MLS has had in place since the league's inception in The purpose of the salary cap is to prevent the team's owners from unsustainable spending on player salaries and to prevent a competitive imbalance among teams.
Major League Soccer lawsuit. Teams may augment their squads by signing players from other leagues.
MLS has two transfer windows —the primary pre-season transfer window lasts three months from mid February until mid May, and the secondary mid season transfer window runs one month from early July to early August.
However, MLS teams often obtain green cards for their non-domestic players in order to qualify them for domestic status and thus free up international roster slots.
MLS has also introduced various initiatives and rules intended to improve quality of players while still maintaining the salary cap.
Rules concerning Designated Players and allocation money allow for additional wage spending that is exempt from the salary cap. These initiatives have brought about an increase in on-field competition.
The league's "Core Players" initiative allows teams to re-sign players using retention funds that do not count against the salary cap.
Teams can use TAM funds to attract high-profile players by "buying down" contracts of players to below the Designated Player level.
MLS has a set of pool goalkeepers who are signed to a contract with the league and are loaned to teams during emergencies in which they are missing a goalkeeper due to injuries or suspensions.
MLS has introduced various initiatives and rules intended to develop young players. Rules concerning Generation Adidas players and home grown players provide incentives for clubs to develop and retain young players.
MLS has required all of its teams to operate youth development programs since Soccer that encourages young American players to enter MLS.
Players under the Home Grown Player rule are signed to Generation Adidas contracts,  all players on Generation Adidas contracts are "off budget players" and their salaries do not count against the cap.
MLS formerly operated a reserve league that gave playing time to players who were not starters for their MLS teams.
Following the folding of the Development Academy ,  MLS announced its own development league in Since , the league has overseen the construction of twelve stadiums specifically designed for soccer.
The development of soccer-specific stadiums owned by the teams has generated a better gameday experience for the fans. The following season, in , the Portland Timbers made their MLS debut in a newly renovated Jeld-Wen Field, now renamed Providence Park , which was originally a multi-purpose venue but turned into a soccer-specific facility.
The Impact has used Olympic Stadium for early season matches and for games that require a larger capacity. The development of additional MLS stadiums has continued to progress.
In , D. United announced the signing of a public-private partnership term sheet to build a new soccer stadium in Washington, D.
In late February , D. United finally broke ground on their new stadium, Audi Field. Two teams have announced their desire to build a soccer-specific stadium, although these teams have not finalized the stadium site and received all necessary government approvals.
Several remaining clubs play in stadiums not originally built for MLS and have not announced plans to move. The Vancouver Whitecaps FC joined the league with Portland in and temporarily held matches at Empire Field before moving into the refurbished BC Place in October ,  a retractable-roof stadium that hosts Canadian football as well as soccer.
Of the three teams that made their MLS debuts in and , one opened a soccer-specific stadium in , a second is playing in a shared football stadium, and the last opened a soccer-specific stadium for its inaugural season.
The club plans to move within Cincinnati to the new West End Stadium in Major League Soccer began to demonstrate positive signs of long-term profitability as early as with the single-entity ownership structure, salary cap, and the media and marketing umbrella Soccer United Marketing SUM all contributing towards MLS's financial security.
Television coverage and revenue have increased since the league's early years. By the league had shown a marked improvement in its financial health.
In November , Forbes published a report that revealed that ten of the league's nineteen teams earned an operating profit in , while two broke even and seven had a loss.
MLS teams typically use commercial flights to transport players and staff between matches, with only four charter flights allowed under league rules.
Since , the playoff extra time structure follows IFAB standards: two full minute periods, followed by a penalty shootout if necessary.
Soccer hired the first full-time professional referees in league history in as part of the league's "Game First" initiatives.
The current MLS logo debuted in , ahead of the league's 20th season, replacing an earlier logo that featured a stylized boot and ball.
The current logo is a simple crest with a diagonal stripe, the MLS wordmark, and three stars that represent "community, club, and country". The logo was designed to be remixed in different color schemes that match teams when used on merchandise and jerseys.
The current league anthem debuted in and was composed by film score composer Hans Zimmer. It will be used during league broadcasts and as a prelude to kickoff at stadiums.
In the early years of MLS, teams were typically given official nicknames in the style of other U. In total, at least matches are aired per-season across all three networks.
The networks primarily broadcast matches involving the league's Canadian franchises, in combination with separate "regional" rights deals giving TSN exclusive rights to all Toronto FC and Vancouver Whitecaps FC matches.
As part of a separate "regional" rights deal, it also holds exclusive rights to all Montreal Impact games. The matches appeared across Sky's family of networks.
DSport , owned by Discovery Communications , will televise league matches in India beginning in The league made its video game debut in with FIFA The league made its first appearance in the management series Football Manager in Statistics below are for all-time leaders.
Statistics are for regular season only. Bold indicates active MLS players. Statistics below are for all-time leaders who are still playing.
At the conclusion of each season, the league presents several awards for outstanding achievements, mostly to players, but also to coaches, referees, and teams.
The finalists in each category are determined by voting from MLS players, team employees, and the media. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Professional soccer league in the United States and Canada.
For other uses, see MLS disambiguation. LA Galaxy. New England. San Jose. Kansas City. Main article: History of Major League Soccer. See also: List of American and Canadian soccer champions.
See also: Major League Soccer owners. See also: Major League Soccer defunct clubs and List of professional sports leagues by revenue. Main article: Major League Soccer on television.
See also: List of current Major League Soccer broadcasters. Main article: List of Major League Soccer players with or more goals. Association football portal Sports portal United States portal Canada portal.
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Portland Timbers. Seattle Sounders. SJ Earthquakes. Vancouver Whitecaps. LA Galaxy. Orlando City. New York RB. Nashville SC. Montreal Impact. Final Series Final Series Play-offs.
Corrections Chicago Fire : 3 points, 2 goals for, 5 goals against D. United : 2 points, 3 goals for, 4 goals against New England : 5 points, 2 goals for, 1 goals against Columbus Crew : 9 points, 7 goals for New York RB : 3 points, 1 goals for, 4 goals against Toronto : 5 points, 6 goals for, 5 goals against Orlando City : 7 points, 6 goals for, 3 goals against Philadelphia Union : 7 points, 4 goals for, 2 goals against Montreal Impact : 3 points, 4 goals for, 5 goals against New York City : 3 points, 2 goals for, 4 goals against Cincinnati : 6 points, 3 goals for, 4 goals against Atlanta United : 3 goals against Inter Miami : 2 goals for, 5 goals against.
Vancouver Whit…. Final Series. Corrections LA Galaxy : 1 points, 4 goals for, 9 goals against Sporting KC : 6 points, 6 goals for, 4 goals against SJ Earthquakes : 7 points, 6 goals for, 3 goals against Colorado Rapids : 1 points, 4 goals for, 7 goals against Real Salt Lake : 4 points, 2 goals for, 2 goals against Houston Dynamo : 2 points, 5 goals for, 6 goals against Seattle Sounders : 4 points, 4 goals for, 2 goals against Minnesota United : 5 points, 4 goals for, 3 goals against Vancouver Whitecaps : 3 points, 5 goals for, 7 goals against Portland Timbers : 7 points, 6 goals for, 4 goals against Los Angeles : 5 points, 11 goals for, 7 goals against.
Sergio Santos. Salt Lake. Tottenham Hotspur. Colorado Rapids. Minnesota United. Chicago Fire. Vancouver Whitecaps. LA Galaxy.
Houston Dynamo. Los Angeles. Portland Timbers. New York City. Inter Miami. Next Round Possible Next Round.
SJ Earthquakes. Seattle Sounders. Vancouver Whit…. DC United. Tottenham Hotspur. Leicester City.